“The Atlantic Age
Gates explores the impact of the Atlantic trading world, giving rise to powerful new kingdoms, but also transatlantic slave trade. Learn of the revolutionary movements of the 18th-early 19th centuries, including the advent of the Sokoto Caliphate.
“Commerce and the Clash of Civilizations”
Gates explores the dynamism of 19th-century Africa, the “scramble” by European powers for its riches, and the defiant and successful stand of uncolonized Ethiopia.